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Getting Around

Travelling in Tanzania is a rewarding and remarkable experience. Driving through villages and grasslands on your way to game parks and nature reserves will be one of the most memorable parts of your trip -- the smiling faces of young Masaai herding cattle, the piles of mangos and fresh greens set out in piles in a village market. Driving through the country, although it takes more time, is an ideal way to witness the daily lives of Tanzanians and take in more of the scenery around you. Flying is another way of seeing the country, the microsm of its villages and fields suddenly appear larger than life against the striking sky. From the window of a plane, Mount Kilimanjaro and the crater of Mt. Meru become clear and visible, the undulations of the Eastern Arc mountains ancient and vast, and the glistening sea with its aquamarine reefs and scattered green islands promises refreshment, even from afar. Ferries offer a glimpse of local culture at a slower, more relaxed pace, and Tanzania’s rapidly developing rail network allows you to see the country from the romance of a boxcar, its iron rails twisting across the African plains.
There are many ways to get around in Tanzania, and the option you choose will depend upon your time constraints and your budget. Travelling by road is the most accesible and probably the cheapest way to travel, and public transport connects all major locations, and ventures far off the beaten track.
Tanzania’s infrastructure is quite developed, especially around major tourist attractions in the north and along the Swahili Coast. Public transport vehicles crisscross the country and connect larger towns to out-of-the-way locations.
Schedules are subject to change without notice, so please contact your travel agent for specific details.

Getting There

These days there are many ways to travel to Tanzania. Overland railways connect the country, the roads are easy to navigate and well-maintained, cruise ships and passenger liners stop frequently at the ports, and international air carriers arrive and depart daily from the many airports located around the country. Travel to Tanzania is easier and more convenient than it has ever been before. World-class airport facilities and on-the-ground assistance make sure that your visit to the country is perfect from the first moment of arrival.
Whether you’re travelling independently or with a tour operator, be sure to book your ticket well in advance and make sure your return flights are confirmed. Travel agents in major cities can assist you in making any last-minute changes to your itinerary and flights.
What To Bring
Packing for a trip to East Africa can be an anxiety-filled experience for first-time travellers, especially with the range of gear on offer at outdoor outfitters. When it comes down to it, packing for a trip to Tanzania is much like preparing for any adventure destination — bring sturdy shoes, bathing suits, and comfortable clothes. Don’t worry if you happen to forget necessities like sunscreen and insect repellent — they’re easily purchased in the supermarkets and pharmacies of most towns.
That said, what do you bring? Here are just a few suggestions — above and beyond the obvious — to make sure you’ll be prepared:
• A camera and telephoto lens if you’ve got one — it’s better for wildlife shots
• Insect repellent
• A good sun hat and waterproof sunscreen
• Sunglasses with a cord
• A photocopy of your passport, important phone numbers, credit cards, driver’s license, medical insurance, and tickets
• Good walking shoes and a pair of sandals for relaxing at the end of the day
• A bathing suit and beach or pool wear
• Any prescription medication you are taking, and anti-malarial prophylactics
• An extra bag to bring shopping home in
Try to travel light — weight restrictions on charter aircraft can be quite low, and bags can become quite heavy under the African sun…
Tanzania is located in a tropical climate with different bacteria, flora, and fauna than most visitors are accustomed to, so it is advisable to take a few health precautions when travelling to make sure that your trip goes as comfortably and smoothly as possible.
Malaria: This is usually top on the list of visitors’ worries, and prevention goes a long way towards keeping you protected. Although it is believed that the anopholes mosquito (the species that carries malaria) hunts only at night, make sure that all exposed areas are well slathered in insect repellent at all times. Sleep under a net — there are some very good travelling mosquito nets available now, but budget travellers are well-advised to bring their own since the nets at most low-end guesthouses have holes or are invariably too small. If you’re sleeping in a tent that doesn’t have a net, spray insect repellent inside, close the flap, and leave for a few minutes.
Make sure to visit your doctor to get a prescription for the antimalarial drugs that best suit your health and condition — there are some very good ones available on the market now, but tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breast feeding. If you feel achy, have chills and hot flushes, headaches, or a fever either during your trip or up to two weeks afterwards, visit a doctor immediately to be tested for malaria. If your symptoms persist, don’t hesitate in seeking a second opinion. A malaria test only takes about fifteen minutes and involves a simple finger prick, and it’s available around the country. Treatment is widely available and recovery times are fast, provided that you get diagnosed as soon as you notice any possible symptoms. After all this advice, it’s worth noting that not every mosquito has malaria and that if you’re conscientious and take precautions, it’s unlikely that you will be exposed.
Vaccinations: The yellow-fever vaccination is no longer officially required when entering Tanzania, yet because the disease is endemic many doctors will recommend it as a precaution. Other vaccinations that might be considered before you travel include typhoid, hepatitis A and B, meningitis, and tetanus. For more information, contact your doctor.
Food and water: It’s best to drink bottled water when travelling through Tanzania — numerous brands are widely available and served in all restaurants and lodges. Steer clear of ice, raw vegetables, and salads when eating at street restaurants. High-end lodges and restaurants will clean their produce in antiseptic solution, but should you feel wary about anything on your plate, leave it. Try to avoid eating in empty restaurants — the food may have been sitting out for some time — and order your meat well done. On the coast, seafood and fish are usually fresh, but again, make sure everything is well-cooked. While on holiday, it’s always better to err on the side of caution.
Travel Insurance
Precautions are a necessary part of staying healthy, and while you will of course make every effort to stay healthy and safe during your trip, it’s always wise to plan for emergencies. International travel insurance and emergency medical evacuation plans are available for purchase before you even leave home, so be sure to provide for yourself in the event of unforseen circumstances.
It is important to have a medical policy that will insure you while travelling, and cover any theft, loss, or medical emergencies you may experience while away from home.
Check your policy’s evacuation criteria and notify your travel agent of any necessary details.
Hospitals and Clinics
For minor aches and pains during your travels, there are many hospitals and clinics around the country who will care for you and prescribe any medicine you may need. For emergency or out-patient cases, Dar es Salaam’s new Aga Khan hospital provides excellent care, as does the Nairobi Hospital and the Aga Khan Hospital in Nairobi.
African Air Rescue (AAR) have clinics and out-patient care in both Arusha and Dar es Salaam, and smaller clinics offer consultations and laboratory services around the country.
Major lodges may also have doctors on-call to assist. In the event of a medical emergency, contact your country’s embassy or consulate for extra assistance.
The unit of currency is the Tanzanian shilling (Tsh) and there are no smaller denominations. It’s best to carry as little cash as possible when travelling to avoid further inconvenience if anything should be lost or stolen.
That said, major currencies (like the US Dollar, the English Pound, and the Euro) are easily changed in large towns, although US Dollars are sometimes preferred.
Forex bureaux offer faster service than banks and although the exchange rates are only nominally different, the bureaux usually offer a better rate on travellers’ cheques. Standard Chartered banks around the country have ATM machines that allow you to withdraw cash from your VISA card and Barclay’s Bank ATMs allow you to withdraw on both VISA and MasterCard accounts. Credit cards are accepted only at major lodges, hotels, and travel agents.

Visa Application and Processing

Requirements and Procedures for Tanzanian Visas
Countries that must obtain Visas
1. Who should apply for a Tanzania Visa
If you are a national of one of the countries or territorial entities below or if you are stateless or hold a non-national travel documents or passports issued by an authority not recognized by the United Republic of Tanzania, you must obtain a valid visa on each occasion that you enter Tanzania.
Any citizen traveling on a passport of any of the following Countries MUST obtain visa for Tanzania:
Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Angola; Argentina; Armenia; Austria; Azerbaijan; Bahrain; Belarus; Belgium; Benin; Bhutan; Bolivia; Bosnia; Brazil; Bulgaria; Burkina Faso; Burma; Burundi; Cambodia; Canada; Cape Verde; Central African Republic; Chad; Chile; China (Peoples Republic of ); Colombia; Comoros; Congo; Congo (Democratic Republic of); Costa Rica; Cote D'Ivoire; Croatia; Cuba; Czech Republic; Den Mark; Djibouti; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; Egypt; El-Salvador; Equatorial Guinea; Eritrea; Estonia; Fiji; Finland; France; Gabon; Georgia; Germany; Gibraltar; Greece; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Guyana; Haiti; Holland; Holy See; Honduras; Hungary; Iceland; Independent State of Samoa; India; Ireland; Israel; Italy; Japan; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Korea (North & South); Kuwait; Kurdistan; Laos; Latvia; Liberia; Lithuania; Libya; Luxembourg; Macedonia; Malagasy; Maldives; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mexico; Moldova; Monaco; Mongolia; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nepal; Netherlands; Niger; Norway; Oman; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Poland; Portugal; Qatar; Romania; Russia; Rwanda; Sao Tome & Principe; Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Slovak Republic; Slovenia;South Africa; Spain; Suriname; Sweden; Switzerland; Syria; Taiwan; Tajikistan; Thailand; Togo; Tunisia; Turkey; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; United States of America; Uruguay; Uzbekistan; Venezuela; Vietnam; Yemen; Yugoslavia (all travelling documents issued by former SFR of Yugoslavia or by present Yugoslav Authorities)
If you are a national of any Country not listed or described above you may not need a visa. Consult the nearest Tanzania Mission for information.


Most visitors to Tanzania require a visa to enter the country. Three month single-entry tourist visas are available at Tanzanian embassies in your country, price subject to nationality.
Although you can purchase a visa at the airport and at border crossings, it is advisable to obtain one prior to arrival. If you leave the country to travel to Kenya or Uganda during the three month period, you do not have to buy another visa.
Transit visas for overland travellers on their way to another destination are also available.

Mount Kilimanjaro

Above the gently rolling hills and plateaux of northern Tanzania rises the snowy peak of Mt. Kilimanjaro, it’s slopes and glaciers shimmering above the rising clouds. Kilimanjaro is located near the town of Moshi and is a protected area, carefully regulated for climbers to enjoy without leaving a trace of their presence. The mountain’s ecosystems are as strikingly beautiful as they are varied and diverse. On the lowland slopes, much of the mountain is farmland, with coffee, banana, cassava, and maize crops grown for subsistence and cash sale. A few larger coffee farms still exist on the lower slopes, but much of the area outside the national park has been subdivided into small plots. Once inside the park, thick lowland forest covers the lower altitudes and breaks into alpine meadows once the air begins to thin. Near the peak, the landscape is harsh and barren, with rocks and ice the predominant features above a breathtaking African view.
Climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro is the highlight of most visitors’ experiences in Tanzania. Few mountains can claim the grandeur, the breathtaking views of Amboseli National Park in Kenya, the Rift Valley, and the Masaai Steppe, that belongs to Kilimanjaro. Hiking on the ‘rooftop of Africa’ -- the highest point on the continent at 5896 metres -- is the adventure of a lifetime, especially because, if paced well, everyone from seasoned trekkers to first-time enthusiasts can scale the snowy peak. For more information, see the ‘Mountain Climbing’ section under ‘Things to Do.


Tanzania is a safe country to travel in. Tanzanians are warm-hearted and generous people and are eager to help visitors get the most out of their stay. Tanzania is a true example of tolerance and cooperation in our modern world, with an evidenced multicultural diversity that has co-existed for centuries and has a lot to offer the world by its example.
As in all countries, a little common sense goes a long way and reasonable precautions should still be taken, such as locking valuables in the hotel safe, which frees your mind to absorb the natural beauty and incredible sights that will stay with you forever.


Visa section is open from 10.00am to 12.00pm Monday to Friday; with exception to Bank Holiday or other Public Holidays falling under the national holidays calendar for United Republic of Tanzania.
Hours between 10.00am and 12.30pm are only for logging Visa Applications at the High Commission; and Hours between 3.00 to 4.00pm are for VISA COLLECTIONS ONLY.


If you are applying your visa by post, the correct visa fee payable to the Tanzania High Commission must be at the Barclays Bank Branch using the paying-in slip; or Payment should be in Cash Only if visa application is made in person at the High Commission.
A pre-paid self addressed stamped envelop is required for all postal application (pre-paid special delivery for all postal applications)
It takes up to 10 working days to process all visas applied through postal service.
It takes 3 (three) working days to process visa logged in personal at the High Commission.
All supporting documents must be submitted at the High Commission when applying for your Visa.
For all Visas that will expire before being used; a fresh application has to be made,fulfilling all previous conditions without exceptions.
In principal all visitors except those exempted on bilateral agreement, must obtain visa prior to traveling to Tanzania. Furthermore all British passport holders are required to obtain visa for Tanzania.
It is possible however, to obtain a tourist visa for a single entry at any one of the main port of entries to Tanzania ; Subject to the fulfillment of all immigration and health requirements.


Visitors from Countries infected by YELLOW FEVER must produce international certificates of Vaccination. This is particular relevant for those traveling from or passing through other neighboring countries. Travelers who proceed to Tanzania no-stop from uninfected areas are still advised but not compelled to get immunized against yellow fever and to take prescribed anti-malaria tablets.
Anti - mosquito repellant or cream are very useful particularly in the coastal regions. Please seek further medical advise from your General Practitioner (GP) before hand.
Visa Application and Processing
Requirements and Procedures for Tanzanian Visas

Types of Visa Issued and Applicable Fees

1. Tourist Visa and Business Visa
The High Commission does not issue Multiple Entry Visas being for Tourist or Business purposes.
All multiple entry visas should be applied at the Immigration Head Office in Dar es Salaam through your host.
2. Tourist Visa
The High Commission do issue a Single Entry Tourist Visa valid for 3 months (Three Months) form the date of issuance. For British passport holders, the Visa fee for a Single Entry Tourist Visa mentioned above is £ 38.00
3. Business Visa
Single Entry Business visa can be issued to applicants upon fulfilling the following requirements:
1. Submitting to the High Commission covering letter from applicant's employers or sponsoring organisation.
2. Clearly state in his/her application the nature of planned business visit to Tanzania
3. Give the contacts of his/her hosts while in Tanzania


Visa Requirements
You must submit the following for all or any Visa Application
1. Your passort that has a validity not less than six months
2. An up-to-date dully filled Visa Application Forms, that can be obtained from this website or in Visa Section Desk at the High Commission.
3. Two Passport Size photographs (taken recently)
4. Correct Visa fee or proof of visa fee payment being made. (i.e the Barclays Bank Pay-in Slip for postal applications)
If you are travelling to Tanzania as an ordinary Visitor or on a study tour, you must obtain entry clearance particularly if you wish to:
1. Study in Tanzania
2. Undertake a paid or unpaid employment (unless you hold a valid work permit)
3. Set up a business or company in Tanzania
4. Live in Tanzania as a person of independent means; or accompany or join someone in Tanzania whose residence is defined in any of the above.

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